Post by suzeeq Post by RichA
Most slave-owners ended-up in the south, but they used to be all over and the vast majority were Democrats.
The 19th century democratic party changed faces in the 1970s.
Only partially. There were any number of times in history in which
coalitions making up each party changed. 1964 was just one year in which
Because the United States has a two-party system, which is largely
unintentional, the two major parties are broad coaltions. The coalitions
form and reform and reform again. The ex-Dixiecrats forming a coalition
with the Republicans wasn't the first major shift.
Black voters used to be Republicans. Labor used to be Republicans. With
Roosevelt's New Deal, there was a long-term shift over several decades,
even though the Democratic Party thwarted efforts at integration under
"modern" presidents like Woodrow Wilson (who reversed progress in
integration under Republicans McKinley, Roosevelt, and Taft), and FDR
gave mostly lip service to integration. It was Truman who forced
integration in both military and civilian federal jobs.
Under Eisenhower, the federal courts moved largely toward integration
and Eisenhower, of course, made five appointments to the Supreme Court
who were largely civil libertarians: Warren, Harlan, Brennan, Whittaker,
and Potter Stewart. The Eisenhower Supreme Court was famously accused of
being activist, including by Eisenhower himself at times.
I admit to having no memory of any important opinions written by
Whittaker. Someone will have to remind me.
Eisenhower himself had a mixed legacy on integration with respect to his
administration. He's most famous for (illegally) sending in federal
troops to force integration of Little Rock schools after Brown v Board
of Education ruling. This was the Little Rock Nine incident we all
learned about in elementary school. But there were other times in which
he didn't support integration and progress on civil rights.
Until the vote on the Civil Rights Act of 1964, you still had about half
of the black electorate voting Republican (which ignores the South given
disenfranchisement) and more Republicans in Congress supported civil
rights legislation than Democrats. But Goldwater, the Republican nominee
for president, voted against the legislation and thereafter, many fewer
blacks supported the Republican Party.
In the mid 1960s, it wasn't just former Dixiecrats joining the
Republican coalition, it was that black voters were no longer a swing